How To Grow Cucumbers

This page provides written and visual instructions on How to Grow Cucumbers.  We will be using the Socrates Hybrid, for our model for this page.

Below you will see that I did not do my homework on growing cucumbers and started the season off with the Socrates Hybrid. I have found out that the Socrates Hybrid is a cool weather plant. We may be having some cool weather here in San Antonio today but it will soon warm up.

In the world of seeds, OG means "organically grown" and signifies seeds harvested from plants grown organically, without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides and according to National Organic Program standards.

For supplies, OG signifies products that are approved for use in growing certified organic crops; supplies are listed by OMRI (Organic Materials Review Institute) when noted in the product description.

CULTURE: Cucumbers like a warm, rich, limey ground but any well-drained, fertile soil will do.

GROWING SEEDLINGS: Sow indoors in 2" plug trays, 3 seeds/cell, 4-5 weeks before weather is warm and settled. Keep temperature above 70°F day and 60°F night.

Transplant 12" apart in rows 5-6' apart. Do not disturb roots when transplanting. Cucumber plants cannot survive frost.

DIRECT SEEDING: Wait until soil is warm, at least 70°F, usually at least a week after last frost. Cucumber seeds will not germinate at a soil temperature below 50°F and germinate slowly at 68°F soil temperature.

Sow about 2" apart, 1/2" deep, rows 5-6' apart. Thin to about 8" apart.

Or you could use the hill method. Plant 6-8 seeds in a hill, thin to four plants per hill. Make the hills about 2 feet apart in rows three feet apart.

POLY MULCH And ROW COVERS: Protect plants from insects and increase warmth for earlier and heavier yields.

DISEASES: Choose disease-tolerant varieties, provide favorable growing conditions, plow in or remove and compost plant refuse. If a plant is infected, try treating it, but may be best to just pull it up and put it in the trash so the disease does not spread.

INSECT PESTS: Protect against cucumber beetles, pictured at left, with floating row covers, or control with pyrethrin or rotenone.

HARVEST: Once bearing begins, pick daily.

STORAGE: Hold cucumbers at 45-50°F and 90% humidity for up to 2 weeks.

GREENHOUSE CROPPING: Plants can be pruned and string-trellised. Use only parthenocarpic (need no pollination) varieties.

Some of the disease that can affect Cucumbers is Powdery Mildew, Downy Mildew, Cucumber Mosaic Virus and Scab.

The best two prevention methods for diseases is to purchase resistant varieties when possible and to water in the morning so the plants have time to dry before nightfall and before working with them. Do not touch the plants when they are wet.

Another disease is the Cucumber Mosaic Virus.

Cucumber mosaic is very common. In addition to the mosaic pattern the edges of the leaves turn down, and the knobs on the fruits are light yellow.

The cucumber mosaic virus is transmitted from plant to plant by several different kinds of aphids. The virus infects cucumbers, melons, squash, pumpkin, pepper, spinach, tomato, and many other vegetables and flowers.

Squash mosaic, caused by the squash mosaic virus, is transmitted from plant to plant by cucumber beetles. The virus infects squash, cucumber, melon, and occasionally watermelon. The virus is sometimes seed-borne.

Cucumber Scab is caused by the fungus Cladosporium Cucumerinum. Symptoms can occur on leaves, petioles and stems, but the most conspicuous symptoms occur on the fruit. Affected fruits are weakened and therefore often invaded by soft-rotting bacteria that produce a foul-smelling decay.

Check with your local nursery to find out how to organically treat insects and diseases in your area.

In learning how to grow cucumbers it is important to water the cucumbers and all plants properly. Each plant type has its own water needs. Maximum yields and fruit quality will only result if the plants receive adequate and timely moisture.

Depending on your soil type, approximately 1 to 2 in. of water per week is needed to obtain high quality cucumbers. An irregular water supply, particularly during blossoming and fruit development, can detrimentally affect fruit quality and result in increased nubins or hooked fruit.

A nubin is an underdeveloped vegetable or fruit.

Hooked vegetables or fruits are ones that form a hook instead of growing straight when they do not get enough water. Green beans that do not get enough water will be hooked or stunted.

Just because we have a nubin or hooked condition does not mean they did not get enough physical water but that conditions did not allow the plants to get the moisture where it was needed.

In extreme hot conditions, we can water all we want, but the plant will not be able to deliver it due to the heat.

HOW TO GROW CUCUMBER UPDATES:

March 9

I started some Socrates seeds inside for the Spring.

The cucumber I am using for How to Grow Cucumbers is the Socrates. The Socrates is a new, high quality Beit Alpha (Dutch type cucumber) for colder conditions.

It is a dark green, thin-skinned, tender, sweet, seedless cucumber with 7-8" fruits. They are suitable for use indoors with temperatures ranging from 50-82ºF. Resistant to target spot, they are not recommend for outdoor production.

Days to Maturity Bloom: 52

It just dawned upon me that I picked the wrong cucumber for this area. I did not realize it was for the greenhouse only, so I guess I will have to plant them in the greenhouse. But even then it will be too warm for them. Even after all these years, I am still learning how to grow cucumbers.

UPDATE April 2:

I planted some of the Socrates in my greenhouse but I am sure the heat will get to them soon.

When learning how to grow cucumbers, we need to make sure we start with the correct seeds for our area.

The first picture below is one of Socrates seeds I started indoors several weeks ago. Ideally they should have been started back in January.

The second picture is where I have planted them outside. Since they are a cool weather plant, they should be OK for now.

Cucumbers Socrates seeds I started indoors several weeks ago. Ideally they should have been started back in January.
Cucumbers  I have planted them outside. Since they are a cool weather plant, they should be OK for now.

Below is a picture of my Socrates cucumbers. They seem to be doing quite well so far.

my Socrates cucumbers. They seem to be doing quite well so far.

May

Well it would seem the Socrates does not mind a little warm weather. As you can see in the first picture below one plant is growing like a wild weeds.

In the second picture are the baby cucumbers. But I have several plants outside that are not doing well at all.

More on How to Grow Cucumbers

Cucumbers Socrates does not mind a little warm weather. As you can see in the first picture below one plant is growing like a wild weeds.
baby cucumbers Socrates variety

Below are pictures of the Socrates Cucumber. The cucumbers had a crisp and clean taste free of any bitterness.

Socrates Cucumber. The cucumbers had a crisp and clean taste free of any bitterness.
Socrates Cucumber. The cucumbers had a crisp and clean taste free of any bitterness.

June

The Socrates is starting to succumb to the heat. At its peak we were getting about six cucumbers every other day. Not bad for a plant that was not even supposed to grow in warm weather.

We did not have any disease or insect problems with these. I hope you have fun as you practice how to grow cucumbers in your backyard.

More info on Cucumbers:

Growing Cucumbers

Cucumber Seeds

Return from How To Grow Cucumbers to Growing Cucumbers

David's Garden Seeds Mission Statement

Here at David’s Garden Seeds, gardening is our passion. We provide top quality non-GMO seeds so families can learn to garden and love it.  In turn, we hope they will pass this passion down to their children and grandchildren, teaching them to grow  delicious food, fresh herbs, and beautiful flowers.

CUSTOMER COMMENTS

"I bought just one packet of Beefsteak Tomato Tycoon and I never had 100% germination before.Every seed that David sent has sprouted. And the blue colored seed makes it so much easier to see. Excellent quality."  --Jack G.

**********************

There are not enough characters available to describe the integrity of this seller and the willingness to please the customer that I was blessed with when I ordered from David's Garden Seeds. David has gone above and beyond and then some more to be sure I was a satisfied customer.(I am) I will always shop here first when buying my seeds in the spring. Class act all the way! Thank you very much!!!" --Gail, Texas

********************

"Thank you so much for your generous donation to our nursing home. Your kindness has touched the lives of our residents and staff." --Nurse Carol, Baton Rouge, LA

********************

"Will definitely order from David's Garden Seeds in the future! The seed-starting tray that I ordered was sent and received in a timely manner, and, as expected, is very well-made. In addition, the seller responds to messages very promptly and politely, which is a rarity in a day and age when a person generally gets stuck on the phone with elevator music for an eternity!"
--Melinda, Maryland


Gardening is not a seasonal hobby for us here at
David's Garden Seeds.

DavidsGardenSeeds is located at:

7715 Tezel Drive San Antonio, TX 78250

We are open Mon-Fri from 9am to 5pm.


Like our page on Facebook!

Follow us on Twitter!

Share our photos on Pinterest!

See More Photos On Instagram!


Cajun Jewel Okra by DavidsGardenSeeds
Big Jim Hot Peppers by DavidsGardenSeeds
Sunbow Zinnia Mix by DavidsGardenSeeds
Provider Green Beans by DavidsGardenSeeds
Gasana Strawberries by DavidsGardenSeeds
Nadia Eggplant by DavidsGardenSeeds
Beet Rainbow Mix by DavidsGardenSeeds
Texas Red and White Peanuts by DavidsGardenSeeds
Socrates Slicing Cucumber by DavidsGardenSeeds
Tomato Rainbow Pack features 10 different beefsteak tomatoes.
Enter Your E-mail Address
Enter Your First Name (optional)
Then

Don't worry — your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you David's Garden Seeds.