Pollinating Plants is simply making the female pregnant so the plants can propagate or reproduce. This pregnancy results in fruit or vegetable being produced.
Pollination happens between plants when the wind blows the pollen around. Some pregnancies are made possible by bees and other insects. Animals can also pollinate plants such as the humming bird. Some plants are self-pollinating. Some plants use smell as a way to attract a pollinator while others use colors to attract a pollinator. Red is a color that birds seem attracted too since they do not have a sense of smell.
Hybridization is the scientific process of taken pollen from one species and pollinating other species of the same type.
An example would be to take the pollen of a pepper plant with great disease resistant and adding it to a large green pepper in order to produce a large green pepper with great disease resistance. I am very simple explanation. There are many steps involved in doing this.
If you want to save seeds from season to season and grow them and want the pure family line, then they have to be seeds that are not a hybrid. Many companies offer hybrids that have been designed to limit disease, counter insects and produce more and larger fruit, usually at a cost to taste. The package or webpage (at least ours will) will tell you whether it is a hybrid or not.
Propagation also has a direct effect on what can be planted in a greenhouse.
vegetables, the greenhouse needs to be opened so bees can do their job
and the wind can blow the air-borne pollen around. A fan can also produce the same results.
in some cases, like tomato plants, you many need to shake the plant.
Sometimes it does not hurt to shake the tomato plant even when it is
outside to ensure pollen is spread to the flowers. Of course if you get a good breeze on a regular basis, shaking is not needed.
do not have to worry about planting different king of plants together. Beans will not
cross propagate with peppers and so on. We cannot take the sperm of a
male rabbit and fertilize a pig embryo and get who knows what. The same
works with our plants. This should not be a concern. However, some plants do not do good around other plants. Click here to see our page on companion planting to see what plants can be planted together.
But pollen of the same variety will pollinate within its family line. One type of squash will pollinate another type of squash to include zucchini.
For instance the Brassicaceae which consist of many types of vegetables will all cross pollinate. Some in the family are cauliflower, cabbage, kale, garden cress, bok choy and broccoli, just to name a few.
If you wanted to keep the family line pure for one variety, you would need to plant them many feet apart. You would need to research and find out how many feet since each is different.
I have given the basics of pollinating here. It is a far more complicated process than what I have explained here. For more information, search the web.
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All of the variety information on the David's Garden Seeds® website, including the days to
maturity, color and size are based on data from tests done at specific
locations. Many factors, including geographic location, daytime and
nighttime temperatures, the availability of plant nutrients, many unknown climate factors and insects/pest interact to determine a variety's
performance. For information on which varieties will perform best in
your area, we recommend that you contact your local county extension agent or a Master Gardener.
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